As the fifth most populous city in France, Nice's mild Mediterranean climate and lush natural beauty attracted English upper class tourism in the 18th century, specifically as a winter retreat. Offering relaxation and inspiration alike, Nice has attracted many outstanding painters over the years. The Musée Chagall, Musée Matisse and Musée des Beaux-Arts are some of the city's many museums well worth a visit. Additionally, the Promenade des Anglais, the port, opera, botanical garden, Old Nice and the city's impressive squares are just some of the many sights to be enjoyed. Combined with great shopping, fine cuisine and a vibrant night life, Nice is a perfect addition to any itinerary and combines lively, cultural ambiance with a stunning backdrop.